Case Western Reserve journal of international law, Vol. 43, no. 1 & 2, 2010, 535 p.
As envisioned by Major General Dunlap, "lawfare" was a neutral term. It was designed as a sort of "bumper sticker" to help military personnel understand why the law needs to be incorporated into their thinking and planning. Today, "lawfare" is most often employed as a label to criticize those who use international law and legal proceedings to make claims against the state, especially in areas related to national security. While "lawfare" does not yet appear in the Oxford Dictionary, the use of the term has proliferated exponentially in journalistic and academic circles, and so too has confusion about its meaning. On September 10-11, 2010, Case Western Reserve University School of Law hosted a symposium and experts meeting to explore the concept of "lawfare".The objective of the conference and experts meeting were to examine the usefulness and appropriate application of the "lawfare" concept and to suggest strategies on how the United States and its allies could best respond to and utilize "lawfare" in the future.