The enforcement of humanitarian law towards journalists in the internal armed conflict in Indonesia
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US-China law review, Vol. 8, issue 6, June 2011, p. 597-604
Even though the actions on the protection for journalists have been ruled in some international convention such as the 1949 Geneva Convention I, II, III and the 1977 Additional Protocol, journalists still often become the victims during action in armed conflicts. Indonesia has already ruled the protection for journalist in the Acts of The republic of Indonesia Number 40 (year 1999) on the Press. Firstly, this research is for describing on the scope of the international humanitarian law (IHL). Secondly, this research is also for exploring the responses of the experts on IHL against the existing international convention and additional protocol concerning with the protection for the journalists. Thirdly, this research is for analyzing the law enforcement against the protection of the journalists in covering news in the internal armed conflict in Indonesia. The research results that the protection for the journalists has occurred because of the three reasons: Indonesia has not any standard and solution mechanism of the protection for the journalists, and the journalists themselves do not understand IHL well, therefore journalists have been disadvantaged when they cover the news in the area of armed conflict.