Dr Sima Samar was born in Jaghoori, Ghazni, Afghanistan, on 3 February 1957. She obtained her degree in medicine in February 1982 from Kabul University, one of the few Hazara women to do so. She practised medicine at a government hospital in Kabul, but after a few months was forced to flee for her safety to her native Jaghoori, where she provided medical treatment to patients throughout the remote areas of central Afghanistan. The interview was conducted in Kabul, Afghanistan, on 7 February 2011 by Markus Cott, Deputy Head of the International Committee of the Red Cross delegation in Kabul, and by Robert Whelan, communication delegate.
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