The "civilianisation" of the contemporary armed conflicts
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Select proceedings of the European society of international law, Vol. 2, 2008, p. 569-597
One of the salient characteristics of several contemporary armed conflicts has been the tendency towards their "civilianisation". This term of art may describe the increased role of a heterogeneous series of actors in present-day conflicts who, while they assume an active role in hostilities, can hardly be qualified as "combatants". Consequently, under IHL they would be included in the residual category of "civilians", imposing the need to clarify legal consequences related to the involvement of civilians in hostilities, mainly regarding the obscure notion of "direct participation".
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