This article provides a broad overview of scholarly perspectives on an Islamic law of war, perspectives that find broad similarities between Islam and international humanitarian law. It then juxtaposes these findings with the philosophy of militant Islam on the conduct of hostilities. Tying together these thoughts, it stresses the challenges that liberal scholars face in attempting to reconcile these competing narratives in light of militant Islam's philosophical resistance to moderation and uncompromising stance toward all thigs jahiliyya. These challenges are particularly acute given Islamist understandings of apostasy and militant ISlam's rejection of the discursive value of international law itself.
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