The environment : state sovereignty, human rights, and armed conflict
Johan D. van der Vyver
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Emory international law review, Vol. 23, no. 1, 2009, p. 85-112
This essay attempts to trace current developments in international environmental law with reference to four particular themes : (a) Tensions between state sovereignty and enforcement of international norms for the protection of the natural environment; (b) Protection of the natural environment as a particular manifestation of international human rights law; (c) Environmental protection within the confines of the laws and customs of armed conflict; and (d) Criminal sanctions as a means of enforcement of international obligations pertaining to the natural environment.