Non-state actors under international humanitarian law
Hans-Joachim Heintze and Charlotte Lülf
Non-state actors in international law
Oxford ; Portland : Hart, 2015
Heintze and Lülf direct our attention to the consequences and role of humanitarian non-state actors in armed conflicts, in particular the International Committee of the Red Cross. The latter organisation is responsible for shaping international humanitarian law and has acquired a specific protected role in the implementation of the "Geneva rules". That protected role, however, is increasingly contested by the activities of armed non-state actors. The ICRC is no longer the sole humanitarian organisation, and many others have followed in its footsteps. But not all have abided by rigorous rules of international humanitarian assistance, in particular impartiality, neutrality, and independence. Given the necessity of providing humanitarian assistance in both violent conflict and disasters, and the increased presence of armed non-state actors in these situations, "adherence to the humanitarian principles [is] even more important" than before.