In this chapter, the author suggests that the densely legislated landscape within which contemporary wars are fought is both a symptom and expression of liberalism's insistence on governance by law. To bridge the gap between the fact of war and liberal philosophy - which is inimical to war - liberal states have turned to law weaving their political priorities, in form and content, through the jus in bello. In the first section, the author reflects on the way in which some of liberalism's core principles, including the very notion of the rule of law, have been integrated into LOAC. The second section examines how LOAC is constructed on a series of artificial separations that are perpetually on the brink of collapse. In the final section, the author suggests that the anxiety generated by LOAC is as much about compliance as non-compliance and explores how this fact is mediated within liberal societies.