International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labour includes a prohibition on the forced or compulsory recruitment of child soldiers. The ILO’s prohibition is wider in scope than some other international la...w rules relating to child soldiers in that it covers all those under 18 years of age and does not require proof of the existence of an armed conflict, whether international or internal. The ILO has made a distinctive contribution to the role of international law in the rehabilitation of former child soldiers through its emphasis, particularly in the context of technical assistance, on economic reintegration. However, ILO supervisory mechanisms are weak compared with those in international human rights law, and the ILO has shown little effectiveness in ensuring the implementation of its ban on child soldiers in countries experiencing armed conflict.
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