International responsibility of the AOG in international law : is there a case for an African approach ?
Francis Kofi Abiew and Noemi Gal-Or
Responsibilities of the non-state actor in armed conflict and the market place : theoretical considerations and empirical findings
Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff, 2015
In this chapter the authors argue that the African Court of Justice and Peoples Rights may potentially exercise jurisdiction over armed non-state actor abuses (and not just over States who failed to prevent armed non-state actor abuses). They highlight, in particular, the references to non-state actors obligations in a variety of African conventions concerning human rights, international criminal law, jus ad bellum and jus in bello. Nevertheless, they are not particularly optimistic as regards the willingness of the Court to enforce these obligations.