The UniversalDeclarationofHumanRights and armed conflicts : from fragmentation to complexity
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Anuário brasileiro de direito internacional = Brazilian yearbook of international law = Annuaire brésilien de droit international, 4, Vol. 2, 2009, p. 48-67
Born out of the horror of war, the UniversalDeclarationofHumanRights seems to leave outside any traces of its bellicose ancestry. As a figure of the intimate relationship between the State and its citizens, HumanRights Law reports to the sole domestic sphere of States. Between a Law of War as the perfect expression of States' sovereignty and an international community still in its infancy, the UDHR seemed to be able to "guide" men and nations only in those periods when the law of armed conflict would not apply. However, the Tadic case shows us that the Declaration has, in practice, played a much more comprehensive role, including the development of the law of armed conflict. The pre-war mainly bilateral scheme was gradually supplanted by a multilateralism which tends to fragmentation, even complexity. Therefore, during the XXth century, the gradual replacement of the "State-sovereignty-oriented approach" by a "human-being-oriented approach" has highlighted the existence of a revolution, a paradigm shift. This new vision of the relationship between humanrights and the law of armed conflict enable us to show the existence of a common goal between these two normative corpuses. Therefore we would demonstrate that the UniversalDeclarationofHumanRights was the anchor of this revolution.
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